Ch60. Cervical Stenotic Myelopathy

  1. Wagner PC, Grant BD, Reed SM: Cervical vertebral malformations, Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 3:385, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
  2. Stewart RH, Reed SM, Weisbrode, SE: Frequency and severity of osteochondrosis in horses with cervical stenotic myelopathy, Am J Vet Res 52:873, 1991. PUBMED Abstract
  3. Levine JM, Ngheim PP, Levine GJ, et al: Associations of sex, breed, and age with cervical vertebral compressive myelopathy in horses: 811 cases (1974-2007), J Am Vet Med Assoc 233:1453, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  4. Reed SM, Bayley W, Traub J: Ataxia and paresis in horses. I. Differential diagnosis, Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 3:S88, 1981.
  5. Mayhew IG: Evaluation of the large animal neurological patient. In: Large animal neurology, Philadelphia, 1989, Lea & Febiger.
  6. Powers BE, Stashak TS, Nixon AJ, et al: Pathology of the vertebral column of horses with cervical static stenosis, Vet Pathol 23:392, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  7. Moore BR, Holbrook TC, Stefanacci JD, et al : Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and myelography in six horses with cervical stenotic myelopathy, Equine Vet J 24:197, 1992. PUBMED Abstract
  8. Ricardi G, Dyson SJ: Forelimb lameness associated with radiographic abnormalities of the cervical vertebrae, Equine Vet J 25:422, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  9. Levine JM, Adam E, MacKay RJ: Confirmed and presumptive cervical vertebral compressive myelopathy in older horses: a retrospective study (1992-2004), J Vet Intern Med 21:812, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  10. Mayhew IG, Brown CM, Stowe HD, et al: Equine degenerative myeloencephalopathy: a vitamin E deficiency that may be familial, J Vet Intern Med 1:45, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
  11. Moore BR, Reed SM, Biller DS, et al: Assessment of vertebral canal diameter and bony malformations of the cervical part of the spine in horses with cervical stenotic myelopathy, Am J Vet Res 55:5, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  12. Rush BR: Spinal radiography and myelography. In White NA, Moore JN, eds: Current techniques in equine surgery and lameness, Philadelphia, 1998, Saunders.
  13. Whitwell KE, Dyson S: Interpreting radiographs. 8. Equine cervical vertebrae, Equine Vet J 19:8, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
  14. Papageorges M, Gavin PR, Sande RD, et al: Radiographic and myelographic examination of the cervical vertebral column in 306 ataxic horses, Vet Radiol 28:53, 1987.
  15. Hahn CN, Handel I, Green SL, et al: Assessment of the utility of using intra- and intervertebral minimum sagittal diameter ratios in the diagnosis of cervical vertebral malformation in horses, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 49:1, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  16. Van Biervliet J: An evidence-based approach to clinical questions in the practice of equine neurology, Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 23:317, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  17. Mayhew IG, Donawick WJ, Green SL, et al: Diagnosis and prediction of cervical vertebral malformation in thoroughbred foals based on semi-quantitative radiographic indicators, Equine Vet J 25:435, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  18. van Biervliet J, Scrivani PV, Divers TJ, et al: Evaluation of decision criteria for detection of spinal cord compression based on cervical myelography in horses: 38 cases (1981-2001), Equine Vet J 36:14, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  19. Wijnberg ID, Back W, de Jong M, et al: The role of electromyography in clinical diagnosis of neuromuscular locomotor problems in the horse, Equine Vet J 36:718, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  20. Nollet H, Deprez P, van Ham L, et al: Transcranial magnetic stimulation: normal values of magnetic motor evoked potentials in 84 normal horses and influence of height, weight, age and sex, Equine Vet J 36:51, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  21. Keegan KG, Arafat S, Skubic M, et al: Detection of spinal ataxia in horses using fuzzy clustering of body position uncertainty, Equine Vet J 36:712, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  22. Donawick WJ, Mayhew IG, Galligan DT, et al: Results of a low protein, low-energy diet and confinement in young horses with wobbles, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 39:125, 1993.
  23. Mattoon JS, Drost WT, Grguric MR, et al: Technique for equine cervical articular process joint injection, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 45:238, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  24. Grisel RG, Grant BD, Rantanen NW: Arthrocentesis of the equine cervical facets, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 42:197, 1996.
  25. Wagner PC, Grant BD, Bagby G: Evaluation of cervical spinal fusion as a treatment in the equine “wobbler” syndrome, Vet Surg 8:84, 1979.
  26. Nixon AJ, Stashak TS, Ingram J: Dorsal laminectomy in the horse. III. Results in horses with cervical vertebral malformation, Vet Surg 12:184, 1983.
  27. Moore BR, Reed SM, Robertson JT: Surgical treatment of cervical stenotic myelopathy in horses: 73 cases (1983-1992), J Am Vet Med Assoc 203:108, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  28. DeBowes RM, Grant BD, Bagby GW, et al: Cervical vertebral interbody fusion in the horse: a comparative study of bovine xenografts and autografts supported by stainless steel baskets, Am J Vet Res 45:191, 1984. PUBMED Abstract
  29. Grant BD, Barbee DD, Wagner PC: Long term results of surgery for equine cervical vertebral malformation, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 31:91, 1985.
  30. Mayhew IG: The diseased spinal cord, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 45:67, 1999.