Ch18. Ultrasonography and Orthopedic (Nonarticular) Disease

  1. Reef VB: Musculoskeletal ultrasonography. In Reef VB, ed: Equine diagnostic ultrasound, Philadelphia, 1998, Saunders.
  2. Smith RK, Dyson SJ, Head MJ, Butson RJ: Ultrasonography of the equine triceps muscle before and after general anaesthesia and in post anaesthetic myopathy, Equine Vet J 28:311, 1996. PUBMED Abstract
  3. Jesty SA, Palmer JE, Parente EJ, et al: Rupture of the gastrocnemius muscle in six foals, J Am Vet Med Assoc 227:1965, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  4. Dik KJ: Ultrasonography of the equine crus, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 34:28, 1993.
  5. Dabareiner RM, Schmitz DG, Honnas CM, Carter GK: Gracilis muscle injury as a cause of lameness in two horses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 224:1630, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  6. Swor TM, Schneider RK, Ross MW, et al: Injury to the origin of the gastrocnemius muscle as a possible cause of lameness in four horses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 219:215, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  7. Pickersgill CH, Kriz N, Malikides N: Surgical treatment of semitendinosus fibrotic myopathy in an endurance horse—management, complications and outcome, Equine Vet Educ 12:320, 2000.
  8. Clegg PD, Coumbe A: Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma: an unusual cause of lameness in a pony, Equine Vet J 25:547, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  9. Alexander K, Dobson H: Ultrasonography of peripheral nerves in the normal adult horse, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 44:456, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  10. Reef VB: Ultrasonography of small parts. In Reef VB, ed: Equine diagnostic ultrasound, Philadelphia, 1998, Saunders.
  11. Reef VB: Sonography. In White NA, Moore J, eds: Current techniques in equine surgery and lameness, Philadelphia, 1998, Lippincott.
  12. Vatistas NJ, Meagher DM, Gillis CL, Neves JW: Gunshot injuries in horses: 22 cases (1971-1993), J Am Vet Med Assoc 207:1198, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  13. Engelbert TA, Tate LP Jr: Penetrating lingual foreign bodies in three horses, Cornell Vet 83:31, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  14. Adams R, Nixon A, Hager D: Use of intraoperative ultrasonography to identify a cervical foreign body. A case report, Vet Surg 16:384, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
  15. French DA, Pharr JW, Fretz PB: Removal of a retropharyngeal foreign body in a horse, with the aid of ultrasonography during surgery, J Am Vet Med Assoc 194:1315, 1989. PUBMED Abstract
  16. Kiper ML, Wrigley R, Traub-Dargatz J, Bennett D: Metallic foreign bodies in the mouth or pharynx of horses: seven cases (1983-1989), J Am Vet Med Assoc 200:91, 1992. PUBMED Abstract
  17. Solano M, Penninck D: Ultrasonography of the canine, feline and equine tongue: normal findings and case history reports, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 37:206, 1996.
  18. Reef VB, Reimer J, Reid CF: Ultrasonographic findings in horses with osteomyelitis, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 37:381, 1991.
  19. Shah ZD, Crass JR, Oravec DC, Bellon EM: Ultrasonographic detection of foreign bodies in soft tissues using turkey muscle as a model, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 33:94, 1992.
  20. Cartee RE, Rumph PF: Ultrasonographic detection of fistulous tracts and foreign objects in muscles of horses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 184:1127, 1984. PUBMED Abstract
  21. Rose PL, Penninck D: Use of intraoperative ultrasonography in six horses, Vet Surg 24:396, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  22. Pusterla N, Latson KM, Wilson WD, Whitcomb MB: Metallic foreign bodies in the tongues of 16 horses, Vet Rec 159:485, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
  23. Dik KJ: Ultrasonography in the diagnosis of equine lameness, Vet Annu 30:162, 1990.
  24. Pilsworth RC, Shepherd MC, Herinckx BM, Holmes MA: Fracture of the wing of the ilium, adjacent to the sacroiliac joint, in thoroughbred racehorses, Equine Vet J 26:94, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  25. Shepherd MC, Pilsworth RC: The use of ultrasound in the diagnosis of pelvic fractures, Equine Vet Educ 6:223, 1994.
  26. Dik KJ: Ultrasonography of the equine tarsus, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 34:36, 1993.
  27. Dik KJ: Ultrasonography of the equine stifle, Equine Vet Educ 7:154, 1995.
  28. Denoix J: Ultrasonography of equine joints, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 47:366, 2001.
  29. Enzerink E, Dik KJ: Palmar/plantar annular ligament insertion injury: a report of four cases, Equine Vet Educ 13:75, 2001.
  30. Santschi EM, Adams SB, Fessler JF, Widmer WR: Treatment of bacterial tarsal tenosynovitis and osteitis of the sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus in five horses, Equine Vet J 29:244, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  31. Bassage LH 2nd, Garcia-Lopez J, Currid EM: Osteolytic lesions of the tuber calcanei in two horses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 217:710, 2000. PUBMED Abstract