Ch32. Primary Lesions of the Deep Digital Flexor Tendon within the Hoof Capsule

  1. Bowker R, Rockershouser S, Linder K, et al: A silver impregnation and immunocytochemical study of innervation of the distal sesamoid bone and its suspensory ligaments in the horse, Equine Vet J 26:212, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  2. Bowker R, Atkinson P, Atkinson T, et al: Effect of contact stress in bones of the distal interphalangeal joint on microscopic changes in articular cartilage and ligaments, Am J Vet Res 62:414, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  3. Denoix JM: Functional anatomy of tendons and ligaments in the distal limbs (manus and pes), Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 10:273, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  4. Webbon P: A post mortem study of equine digital flexor tendons, Equine Vet J 9:61, 1977. PUBMED Abstract
  5. Wright I, Kidd L, Thorp B: Gross, histological and histomorphometric features of the navicular bone and related structures in the horse, Equine Vet J 30:220, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  6. Pool R, Meagher D, Stover S: Pathophysiology of navicular syndrome, Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 5:109, 1989. PUBMED Abstract
  7. Van Wulfen K, Bowker R: Intersection of the DSIL and the DDFT and its relationship to navicular syndrome, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 43:405, 1997.
  8. Murray R, Schramme M, Dyson S, et al: MRI characteristics of the foot in horses with palmar foot pain and control horses, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 47:1, 2006.
  9. Blunden A, Dyson S, Murray R, et al: Histological findings in horses with chronic palmar foot pain and age-matched control horses. Part 2: the deep digital flexor tendon, Equine Vet J 38:23, 2006.
  10. Murray R, Blunden T, Schramme M, et al: How does magnetic resonance imaging represent histological findings in the equine digit? Vet Radiol Ultrasound 47:17, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
  11. Blunden T, Murray R, Dyson S: Lesions of the deep digital flexor tendon in the digit: a correlative magnetic resonance imaging and post mortem study in control and lame horses, Equine Vet J 41:25, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  12. Dyson S, Murray R, Schramme M, et al: Lameness in 46 horses associated with deep digital flexor tendonitis in the digit: diagnosis confirmed with magnetic resonance imaging, Equine Vet J 35:681, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  13. Mair T, Kinns J: Deep digital flexor tendonitis in the equine foot diagnosed by low-field magnetic resonance imaging in the standing patient: 18 cases, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 46:458, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  14. Dyson S, Murray R: Magnetic resonance imaging of 264 horses with foot pain: the podotrochlear apparatus, the deep digital flexor tendon and the collateral ligaments of the distal interphalangeal joint, Equine Vet J 39:340, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  15. Butler J, Colles C, Dyson S, et al: Foot, pastern and fetlock. In Butler J, Colles C, Dyson S, et al, eds: Clinical radiology of the horse, ed 2, Oxford, 2000, Blackwell Science.
  16. Ueltschi G: Radiographie und szintigraphie beim podotrochlosesyndrom, Proc Geneva Congress Equine Med Surg 6:119, 1999.
  17. Dyson S: Subjective and quantitative scintigraphic assessment of the equine foot and its relationship with foot pain, Equine Vet J 34:164, 2002. PUBMED Abstract
  18. Dyson S, Murray R: Verification of scintigraphic imaging for injury diagnosis in 264 horses with foot pain, Equine Vet J 39:350, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  19. Dyson S, Murray R: Magnetic resonance imaging of the equine foot, Clin Techn Equine Pract 6:46, 2007.
  20. Busoni V, Denoix J-M: Ultrasonography of the podotrochlear apparatus in the horse using a transcuneal approach: technique and reference images, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 42:534, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  21. Tietje S, Nowak M, Petzoldt S, et al: Die computertomographische darstellung des distalen abschnitts der tiefen beugesehne (TBS) des pferdes, Pferdheilkunde 17:21, 2001.
  22. Puchalski S, Snyder J, Hornof W, et al: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the equine distal extremity, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 51:389, 2005.
  23. Murray R, Roberts B, Schramme M, et al: Quantitative evaluation of equine deep digital flexor tendon morphology using magnetic resonance imaging, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 45:103, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  24. Dyson S: Magnetic resonance imaging of the equine foot, Clin Tech Equine Pract 6:46, 2007.
  25. Boswell J: Proceedings of the British Equine Veterinary Association Congress, Birmingham, UK, 2009.
  26. Dyson S: Unpublished data, 2009.
  27. Mair T: Personal communication, 2008.
  28. Smith M, Wright I, Smith R: Endoscopic assessment and treatment of lesions of the deep digital flexor tendon in the navicular bursae of 20 lame horses, Equine Vet J 38:18, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  29. Smith M: Proceedings of the European College of Veterinary Surgeons Congress, Lyons, France, 2009.