Ch7. Movement

  1. Liautard A: Lameness of horses, New York, 1888, William R Jenkins Press.
  2. Dorland WAN, ed: Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary, Philadelphia, 1974, Saunders.
  3. Barnhart CL, ed: The American college dictionary, New York, 1970, Random House.
  4. Adams OR: Natural and artificial gaits. In Stashak TS, ed: Adams’ lameness in horses, Philadelphia, 1987, Lea & Febiger.
  5. Dyson S: Personal communication, 2000.
  6. Biewener AA, Thomason J, Goodship A, et al: Bone stress in the horse forelimb during locomotion at different gaits: a comparison of two experimental methods, J Biomech 16:565, 1983. PUBMED Abstract
  7. Leach DH, Sprigings E: Gait fatigue in the racing Thoroughbred, J Equine Med Surg 3:436, 1979.
  8. Uhlir C, Licka T, Kübber P, et al: Compensatory movements of horses with a stance phase lameness, Equine Vet J Suppl 23:102, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  9. Ross MW: Observations in horses with lameness abolished by palmar digital analgesia, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 44:230, 1998.
  10. Evans LH: Personal communication, 1982.
  11. Clayton HM: Cinematographic analysis of the gait of lame horses, J Equine Vet Sci 6:70, 1986.
  12. Clayton HM: Cinematographic analysis of the gait of lame horses. V. Fibrotic myopathy, J Equine Vet Sci 8:297, 1986.
  13. Wyman WEA: Lameness in the horse, New York, 1989, William R Jenkins Press.
  14. Peloso JG, Stick JA, Soutas-Little RW, et al: Computer-assisted three-dimensional gait analysis of amphotericin-induced carpal lameness in horses, Am J Vet Res 54:1535, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  15. Peham C, Licka T, Girtler D, et al: Supporting forelimb lameness: clinical judgment vs computerized symmetry measurement, Equine Vet J 31:417, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  16. Ishihara A, Bertone AL, Rajala-Schultz PJ: Association between subjective lameness grade and kinetic gait parameters in horses with experimentally induced forelimb lameness, Am J Vet Res 66:1805, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  17. Buchner HHF, Savelberg HHCM, Schamhardt HC, et al: Head and trunk movement adaptations in horses with experimentally induced fore- or hindlimb lameness, Equine Vet J 28:71, 1996. PUBMED Abstract
  18. Vorstenbosch MATM, Buchner HHF, Savelberg HHCM, et al: Modeling study of compensatory head movements in lame horses, Am J Vet Res 58:713, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  19. Ratzlaff M, Hyde ML, Grant BD: Measurement of vertical forces and temporal components of the strides of horses using instrumented shoes, J Equine Vet Sci 10:23, 1990.
  20. Judy CE, Galuppo LD, Snyder JR, et al: Evaluation of an in-shoe pressure measurement system in horses, Am J Vet Res 62:23, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  21. Perino VV, Kawcak CE, Frisbie DD: The accuracy and precision of an equine in-shoe pressure measurement system as a tool for gait analysis, J Equine Vet Sci 27:161, 2007.
  22. Keegan KG, Yonezawa Y, Pai F, et al: Evaluation of a sensor-based system of motion analysis for detection and quantification of forelimb and hind limb lameness, Am J Vet Res 65:665, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  23. May SA, Wyn-Jones G: Identification of hindleg lameness, Equine Vet J 19:185, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
  24. Buchner HHF, Kastner J, Girtler D, et al: Quantification of hindlimb lameness in the horse, Acta Anat 146:196, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  25. Kramer J, Keegan KG, Kelmer G, et al: Objective determination of pelvic movement during hind limb lameness by use of a signal decomposition method and pelvic height differences, Am J Vet Res 65:741, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  26. Pfau T, Robilliard JJ, Weller R, et al: Assessment of mild hindlimb lameness during over ground locomotion using linear discriminant analysis of inertial sensor data, Equine Vet J 39:407, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  27. Gingerich DA, Newcomb DM: Biomechanics in lameness, J Equine Med Surg 3:251, 1979.
  28. Gingerich DA, Auer JA, Fackelman GE: Force plate studies on the effect of exogenous hyaluronic acid on joint function in equine arthritis, J Vet Pharmacol Ther 2:291, 1979.
  29. Gingerich DA, Auer JA, Fackelman GE: Effect of exogenous hyaluronic acid on joint function in experimentally induced equine osteoarthritis: dosage titration studies, Res Vet Sci 30:192, 1981. PUBMED Abstract
  30. Schamhardt HC, Merkens HW: Quantification of equine ground reaction force patterns, J Biomech 20:443, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
  31. Merkens HW, Schamhardt HC: Evaluation of equine locomotion during different degrees of experimentally induced lameness. II. Distribution of ground reaction force patterns of the concurrently loaded limbs, Equine Vet J Suppl 6:107, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  32. Ishihara A, Reed SM, Rajala-Schultz PJ, et al: Use of kinetic gait analysis for detection, quantification, and differentiation of hind limb lameness and spinal ataxia in horses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 234:644, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  33. Guide to veterinary services for horse shows, ed 7, Lexington, Ky, 1999, American Association of Equine Practitioners.
  34. Fredricson I, Drevemo S, Dalin G, et al: Treadmill for equine locomotion analysis, Equine Vet J 15:111, 1983. PUBMED Abstract
  35. Buchner HHF, Savelberg HCM, Schamhardt HC, et al: Habituation of horses to treadmill locomotion, Equine Vet J Suppl 17:13, 1994.
  36. Kai M, Hiraga A, Kubo K, et al: Comparison of stride characteristics in a cantering horse on a flat and inclined treadmill, Equine Vet J Suppl 23:76, 1997 PUBMED Abstract