Ch19. Nuclear Medicine

  1. Ueltschi G: Bone and joint imaging with 99mTc labeled phosphates as a new diagnostic aid in veterinary orthopedics, J Am Vet Radiol Soc 21:86, 1977.
  2. Twardock AR: A personal history of veterinary nuclear medicine, Semin Vet Med Surg (Small Anim) 6:103, 1991. PUBMED Abstract
  3. Devous MD, Twardock AR: Techniques and applications of nuclear medicine in the diagnosis of equine lameness, J Am Vet Med Assoc 184:318, 1984. PUBMED Abstract
  4. Seeherman HJ, Morris E, O’Callaghan MW: Comprehensive clinical evaluation of performance. In Auer JA, ed: Equine surgery, Philadelphia, 1992, Saunders.
  5. Lamb CR, Koblik P: Scintigraphic evaluation of skeletal disease and its application to the horse, Vet Radiol 29:16, 1988.
  6. Dyson SJ, Pilsworth RC, Twardock AR, Martinelli MJ, eds: Equine scintigraphy, Newmarket, 2003, Equine Veterinary Journal.
  7. Scheidegger E, Geissbühlerl U, Doherr MG, Lang J: Technetium-99m-HDP uptake characteristics in equine fractures: a retrospective study, Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 148:569, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
  8. Dyson S, Murray R: Verification of scintigraphic imaging for injury diagnosis in 264 horses with foot pain, Equine Vet J 39:350, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  9. Dyson S, Murray R: Use of concurrent scintigraphic and magnetic resonance imaging evaluation to improve understanding of the pathogenesis of injury of the podotrochlear apparatus, Equine Vet J 39:365, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  10. Chambers MD, Martinelli MJ, Baker GJ, et al: Nuclear medicine for diagnosis of lameness in horses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 206:792, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  11. Sela J, Shani J, Kohavi D, et al: Uptake and biodistribution of 99mTechnetium methylene-[32P] diphosphonate during endosteal healing around titanium, stainless steel and hydroxyapatite implants in rat tibial bone, Biomaterials 16:1373, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  12. Kanishi D: 99mTc-MDP accumulation mechanisms in bone, Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 75:239, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  13. Shani J, Amir D, Soskolne WA, et al: Correlations between uptake of technetium, calcium, phosphate, and mineralization in rat tibial bone repair, J Nucl Med 31:2011, 1990. PUBMED Abstract
  14. Castronovo FP, Strauss HW: Dual tracer resorption and opposition in a rat fracture model, Int J Rad Appl Instrum B. 15:181, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  15. Schwartz Z, Shani J, Soskolne WA, et al: Uptake and biodistribution of technetium-99m-MD32P during rat tibial bone repair, J Nucl Med 34:104, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  16. Okamoto Y: Accumulation of technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate: conditions affecting adsorption to hydroxyapatite, Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 80:115, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  17. Kawano M, Taki J, Tsuchiya H, et al: Predicting the outcome of distraction osteogenesis by 3-phase bone scintigraphy, J Nuc Med 44:369, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  18. Dore F, Filippi L, Biasotto M, et al: Bone scintigraphy and SPECT/CT of bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw, J Nuc Med 50:30, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  19. Chisin R, Gazit D, Ulmansky M, et al: 99mTc-MDP uptake and histological changes during rate bone marrow regeneration, Int J Rad Appl Instrum B. 15:469, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  20. Savelkoul TJF, Visser WJ, Oldenburg SJ, Duursma SA: A micro-autoradiographical study of the localization of 99mTc(Sn)-MDP and 99mTc-MDP in undecalcified bone sections, Eur J Nucl Med 11:459, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  21. Stokkel MP, Valdés-Olmos RA, Hoefnagel CA, et al: Tumor and therapy associated abnormal changes on bone scintigraphy: old and new phenomena, Clin Nucl Med 18:821, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  22. Cheng KT, Shaw SM, Pinkerton TC, et al: A Walker 256 tumor-induced osteogenic small animal model for the evaluation of [99mTc] diphosphonate radiopharmaceuticals, Int J Nucl Med Biol 12:197, 1985. PUBMED Abstract
  23. Stover SM, Johnson BJ, Daft BM, et al: An association between complete and incomplete stress fractures of the humerus in racehorses, Equine Vet J 24:260, 1992. PUBMED Abstract
  24. Johnson B, Ardans A, Stover SM, et al: California racehorse postmortem program: a 4-year overview, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 40:167, 1994.
  25. Stover SM, Read DH, Johnson BJ, et al: Lateral condylar fracture histomorphology in racehorses, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 40:173, 1994.
  26. Mattson SE, Pearce SG, Bouré LP, et al: Comparison of intraosseous and intravenous infusion of technetium 99mTc pertechnetate in the distal portion of forelimbs in standing horses by use of scintigraphic imaging, Am J Vet Res 66:1267, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  27. de Cock HE, Affolter VK, Wisner ER, et al: Lymphoscintigraphy of draught horses with chronic progressive lymphoedema, Equine Vet J 38:148, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
  28. Kleine LG, Solano M, Rusckowski M, et al: Evaluation of technetium Tc99m-labeled biotin for scintigraphic detection of soft tissue inflammation in horses, Am J Vet Res 69:639, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  29. Long CD, Galuppo LD, Waters NK, Hornof WJ: Scintigraphic detection of equine orthopedic infection using Tc-HMPAO labeled leukocytes in 14 horses, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 41:354, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  30. Alexander K, Drost WT, Mattoon JS, et al: Binding of ciprofloxacin labelled with technetium Tc 99m versus 99mTc-pertechnetate to a live and killed equine isolate of Escherichia coli, Can J Vet Res 69:272, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  31. Attenburrow DP, Bowring CS, Vennart W: Radioisotope bone scanning in horses, Equine Vet J 16:121, 1984. PUBMED Abstract
  32. Pilsworth RC: Establishing a probe point counting scintigraphy system in practice, Equine Vet Educ 8:41, 1996.
  33. Ross MW, Maxson AD, Stacy VS, Buchanan KB: First-pass radionuclide angiography in the diagnosis of aortoiliac thromboembolism in a horse, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 38:226, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  34. Bramlage LR: Personal communication, 1998.
  35. Boswell R: Personal communication, 1996.
  36. Seeherman HJ: Personal communication, 1992.
  37. Dyson SJ, Lakhani K, Wood J: Factors influencing blood flow in the equine digit and their effect on uptake of 99mtechnetium methylene diphosphonate into bone, Equine Vet J 33:591, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  38. Solano M, Welcome J, Johnson K: Effects of acepromazine on three-phase 99mTc-MDP bone imaging in 11 horses, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 46:437, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  39. Gatherer ME, Faulkner J, Voûte LC: Exposure of veterinary personnel to ionising radiation during bone scanning of horses by nuclear scintigraphy with 99mtechnetium methylene diphosphonate, Vet Rec 16:160, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  40. Steyn PF, Uhrig J: The role of protective lead clothing in reducing radiation exposure rates to personnel during equine bone scintigraphy, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 46:529, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  41. Dyson SJ, Weekes JS, Murray RC: Scintigraphic evaluation of the proximal metacarpal and metatarsal regions of horses with proximal suspensory desmitis, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 48:78, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  42. Dyson S, Murray R, Branch M, et al: The sacroiliac joints: evaluation using nuclear scintigraphy. Part 1: The normal horse, Equine Vet J 35:226, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  43. Dyson S, Murray R, Branch M, et al: The sacroiliac joints: evaluation using nuclear scintigraphy. Part 2: Lame horses, Equine Vet J 35:233, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  44. Gorgas D, Luder P, Lang J, et al: Scintigraphic and radiographic appearance of the sacroiliac region in horses with gait abnormalities or poor performance, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 50:208, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  45. Weekes JS, Murray RC, Dyson SJ: Scintigraphic evaluation of metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints in clinically sound horses, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 45:85, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  46. White J, Busschers E, Ross MW: Clinical and scintigraphic findings in the fetlock joint of Thoroughbred racehorses, Equine Vet J (in preparation for submission).
  47. Levine DG, Ross BM, Ross MW, et al: Decreased radiopharmaceutical uptake (photopenia) in delayed phase scintigraphic images in three horses, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 48:467, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  48. Uhlhorn H, Eksell P, Carlsten J: Scintigraphic characterization of distal radial physeal closure in young Standardbred racehorses, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 41:181, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  49. Metcalf MR, Forrest LJ, Sellett LC: Scintigraphic pattern of 99mTc-MDP uptake in exercise induced proximal phalangeal trauma in horses, Vet Radiol 31:17, 1990.
  50. Ehrich PJ, Seeherman HJ, O’Callaghan MW, et al: Results of bone scintigraphy in horses used for show jumping, hunting, or eventing: 141 cases (1988-1994), J Am Vet Med Assoc 213:1460, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  51. Bailey RE, Dyson SJ, Parkin TD: Focal increased radiopharmaceutical uptake in the dorsoproximal diaphyseal region of the equine proximal phalanx, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 48:460, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  52. Walsh DM, Royal HD: Evaluation of a single injection of 99m-labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid for measuring glomerular filtration rate in horses, Am J Vet Res 53:776, 1992. PUBMED Abstract
  53. Campeau RJ, Bellah RD, Varma DGK: Pathologic fractures in a patient with renal osteodystrophy: failure of early detection on bone scans, Clin Nucl Med 12:510, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
  54. Trout DR, Hornof WJ, Liskey CC, Fisher PE: The effects of regional perineural anesthesia on soft tissue and bone phase scintigraphy in the horse, Vet Radiol 32:140, 1991.
  55. Ruohoniemi M, Mäkelä O, Eskonen T: Clinical significance of ossification of the cartilages of the front feet based on nuclear bone scintigraphy, radiography and lameness examinations in 21 Finnhorses, Equine Vet J 36:143, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  56. Nagy A, Dyson S, Murray R: Scintigraphic examination of the cartilages of the foot, Equine Vet J 39:250, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  57. Nagy A, Dyson S, Murray R: Radiographic, scintigraphic and magnetic resonance imaging findings in the palmar processes of the distal phalanx, Equine Vet J 40:57, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  58. Pool RR, Meagher DM: Pathologic findings and pathogenesis of racetrack injuries, Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 6:1, 1990. PUBMED Abstract
  59. Ross MW: Scintigraphic and clinical findings in the Standardbred metatarsophalangeal joint: 114 cases (1993-1995), Equine Vet J 30:131, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  60. Ross MW: Observations in horses with lameness abolished by palmar digital analgesia, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 44:230, 1998.
  61. Rabuffo T, Ross MW: Unpublished data, 2001.
  62. Lanyon LE: Functional strain as a determinate for bone remodeling, Calcif Tissue Int 36:S56, 1984. PUBMED Abstract
  63. Lanyon LE: Functional strain in bone tissue as an objective and controlling stimulus for adaptive bone remodeling, J Biomech 20:1083, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
  64. Biewener AA: Biomechanics of mammalian terrestrial locomotion, Science 250: 1097, 1990. PUBMED Abstract
  65. Erlich PJ, Dohoo IR, O’Callaghan MW: Results of bone scintigraphy in racing Standardbred horses: 64 cases (1992-1994), J Am Vet Med Assoc 215:982, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  66. Erichsen C, Eksell P, Holm KR, et al: Relationship between scintigraphic and radiographic evaluations of spinous processes in the thoracolumbar spine in riding horses without clinical signs of back problems, Equine Vet J 36:458, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  67. Gillen A, Dyson S, Murray R: Nuclear scintigraphic assessment of the thoracolumbar synovial intervertebral articulations, Equine Vet J 41:534, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  68. Meehan L, Dyson S, Murray R: Radiographic and scintigraphic evaluation of spondylosis in the equine thoracolumbar spine, Equine Vet J 41:800, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  69. Dahlberg J, Ross MW: Clinical relevance of abnormal scintigraphic findings in adult equine ribs: 20 horses (1996-2008), Vet Radiol Ultrasound (submitted for publication).
  70. Anderson JDC, Galuppo LD, Barr BC, et al: Clinical and scintigraphic findings in horses with a bone fragility disorder: 16 cases (1980-2006), J Am Vet Med Assoc 232:1694, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  71. Durham MG, Armstrong CM: Fractures and bone deformities in 18 horses with silicosis, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 52:1, 2006.
  72. Davenport CLM, Ross MW: Scintigraphic abnormalities of the pelvic region in horses examined because of lameness or poor performance, J Am Vet Med Assoc 224:88, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  73. Morris E, Seeherman HJ, O’Callaghan MW, et al: Scintigraphic identification of skeletal muscle damage in horses 24 hours after strenuous exercise, Equine Vet J 23:347, 1991. PUBMED Abstract