Ch109. The European and Australasian Standardbreds

The European Standardbred

  1. Torre F, Motta M: Incidence and distribution of 369 proximal sesamoid bone fractures in 354 standardbred horses (1984-1995), Equine Pract 21: 6, 1999.
  2. Trotter GW: Aspects of palmar heel pain, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 45: 195, 1999.
  3. Buchner HHF: Gait adaptation in lameness. In Back W, Clayton H, eds: Equine locomotion, Philadelphia, 2001, Saunders.
  4. Moyer W, O’Brien TR, Walker M: Nonseptic pedal osteitis: a cause of lameness and a diagnosis? Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 45: 178, 1999.
  5. Ross MW, Richardson DW, Beroza GA: Subchondral lucency of the third carpal bone in standardbred racehorses: 13 cases (1982-1988), J Am Vet Med Assoc 195: 789, 1989. PUBMED Abstract
  6. De Haan CE, O’Brien TR, Koblik PD: A radiographic investigation of third carpal bone injury in 42 racing thoroughbreds, Vet Radiol 28: 88, 1987.
  7. Pool RR, Meagher DM: Pathologic findings and pathogenesis of racetrack injuries, Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 6: 1, 1990. PUBMED Abstract
  8. Ehrlich PJ, Dohoo IR, O’Callaghan MW: Results of bone scintigraphy in racing standardbred horses: 64 cases (1992-1994), J Am Vet Med Assoc 215: 982, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  9. Trotter GW: Intra-articular corticosteroids. In McIlwraith CW, Trotter GW, eds: Joint disease in the horse, Philadelphia, 1996, Saunders.
  10. Kawcak CE, Frisbie DD, Trotter GW, et al: Effects of intravenous administration of sodium hyaluronate on carpal joints in exercising horses after arthroscopic surgery and osteochondral fragmentation, Am J Vet Res 58: 1132, 1997.
  11. Schumacher J, Steiger R, Schumacher J, et al: Effects of analgesia of the distal interphalangeal joint or palmar digital nerves on lameness caused by solar pain in horses, Vet Surg 29: 54, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  12. Bramlage LR, Schneider RK, Gabel AA: A clinical perspective on the lameness originating in the carpus, Equine Vet J Suppl 6: 12, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  13. Palmer SE: Prevalence of carpal fractures in thoroughbred and standardbred racehorses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 188: 1171, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  14. Schneider RK, Bramlage LR, Gabel AA: The incidence and location of 371 third carpal bone fractures in 313 horses, Equine Vet J Suppl 6: 33, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  15. Lucas JM, Ross MW, Richardson DW: Postoperative performance of racing standardbreds treated arthroscopically for carpal chip fractures: 176 cases (1986-1993), Equine Vet J 31: 48, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  16. Torre F: A comparison of the radiographic and arthroscopic findings in the third carpal bone in the young standardbred horse, Equine Pract 19: 14, 1997.
  17. McIlwraith CW, Frisbie DD, Trotter GW, et al: Use of subchondral bone plate micropick technique to augment healing of articular cartilage defects, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 44: 233, 1998.
  18. McIlwraith CW: Tearing of the medial palmar intercarpal ligament in the equine midcarpal joint, Equine Vet J 24: 367, 1992. PUBMED Abstract
  19. Palmer SE: Splints, fractures of the second and fourth metacarpal/metatarsal bones, and associated suspensory ligament desmitis. In Robinson N, Wilson MR, eds: Current therapy in equine medicine, ed 4, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.
  20. Ross MW: Personal communication, 2001.
  21. Hardy J, Marcoux M, Breton L: Clinical relevance of radiographic findings in proximal sesamoid bones of two-year-old standardbreds in their first year of race training, J Am Vet Med Assoc 198: 2089, 1991. PUBMED Abstract
  22. Ross MW: Scintigraphic and clinical findings in the standardbred metatarsophalangeal joint: 114 cases (1993-1995), Equine Vet J 30: 131, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  23. Dyson SJ: Diagnosis and prognosis of suspensory desmitis. Proceedings of the Dubai International Equine Symposium, March 1996.
  24. Ross MW, Nolan PM, Palmer JA, et al: The importance of the metatarsophalangeal joint in standardbred lameness, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 37: 741, 1991.
  25. Sandgren B: Bony fragments in the tarsocrural and metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints in the standardbred horse: a radiographic survey, Equine Vet J Suppl 6: 66, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  26. Sandgren B, Dalin G, Carlsten J: Osteochondrosis in the tarsocrural joint and osteochondral fragments in the fetlock joints in standardbred trotters. I. Epidemiology, Equine Vet J Suppl 16: 31, 1993.
  27. Haakenstad LH, Birkeland R: Osteochondritis dissecans i haseleddet hos hest. Proceedings of the Twelfth Nordic Veterinary Congress, 1974.
  28. Hartung K, Keller H, Munster B: Ein beitrag zur Roentgendiagnostik des Spat der Trabrennpferde, Der Prakt Tierarzt 59: 177, 1978.
  29. Alvarado AF, Marcoux M, Breton L: The incidence of osteochondrosis in a standardbred breeding farm in Quebec, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 35: 293, 1989.
  30. Schougaard H, Falk-Ronne J, Phillipson J: A radiographic survey of tibiotarsal osteochondrosis in a selected population of trotting horses in Denmark and its possible genetic significance, Equine Vet J 22: 288, 1990. PUBMED Abstract
  31. Grondahl AM: The incidence of osteochondrosis in the tibiotarsal joint of Norwegian standardbred trotters: a radiographic study, J Equine Vet Sci 11: 997, 1991.
  32. Storgaard Jorgensen H, Proschowsky H, Falk-Ronne J, et al: The significance of routine radiographic findings with respect to subsequent racing performance and longevity in standardbred trotters, Equine Vet J 29: 55, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  33. Torre F, Motta M: Osteochondrosis of the tarsocrural joint and osteochondral fragments in the fetlock joints: incidence and influence on racing performance in a selected group of standardbred trotters, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 46: 287, 2000.
  34. Torre F, Toniato M: Osteochondral fragments from the medial malleolus in horses: a comparison between radiographic and arthroscopic findings, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 45: 167, 1999.
  35. Laws EG, Richardson DW, Ross MW, et al: Racing performance of standardbreds after conservative and surgical treatment for tarsocrural osteochondrosis, Equine Vet J 25: 199, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  36. McIlwraith CW, Foerner JJ, Davis DM: Osteochondritis dissecans of the tarsocrural joint: results of treatment with arthroscopic surgery, Equine Vet J 23: 155, 1991. PUBMED Abstract
  37. Brehm W, Staecker W: Osteochondrosis (OCD) in the tarsocrural joint of standardbred trotters: correlation between radiographic findings and racing performance, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 45: 164, 1999.
The Australasian Standardbred
  1. Whitton RC, Kannegieter NJ: Osteochondral fragmentation of the plantar/palmar proximal aspect of the proximal phalanx in racing horses, Aust Vet J 71: 318, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  2. O’Sullivan CB, Dart AJ, Malikides N, et al: Nonsurgical management of type II fractures of the distal phalanx in 48 standardbred horses, Aust Vet J 77: 501, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  3. Steel CM, Hopper BJ, Richardson JL, et al: Clinical findings, diagnosis, prevalence and predisposing factors for lameness localised to the middle carpal joint in young Standardbred racehorses, Equine Vet J 38: 152, 2006. PUBMED Abstract