Ch42. The Metatarsophalangeal Joint

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  15. Morgan JW, Santschi EM, Zekas LJ, et al: Comparison of radiography and computed tomography to evaluate metacarpo/metatarsophalangeal joint pathology of paired limbs of Thoroughbred racehorses with severe condylar fracture, Vet Surg 35:611, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
  16. MacKinnon M, Ross MW, VanWinkle W: Unpublished data, 2008.
  17. Denoix JM, Thibaud D, Riccio B: Tiludronate as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of navicular disease: a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial, Equine Vet J 35:407, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
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  19. Muir P, McCarthy J, Radtke CL, et al: Role of endochondral ossification of articular cartilage and functional adaptation of the subchondral plate in the development of fatigue microcracking of joints, Bone 38:342, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
  20. Muir P, Peterson AL, Sample SJ, et al: Exercise-induced metacarpophalangeal joint adaptation in the Thoroughbred racehorse, J Anat 213:706, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  21. Norrdin RW, Stover SM: Subchondral bone failure in overload arthrosis: a scanning electron microscopic study in horses, J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact 6:251, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
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  23. Messent EA, Ward RJ, Tonkin CJ, Buckland-Wright C: Cancellous bone differences between knees with early, definite and advanced joint space loss: a comparative quantitative macroradiographic study, Osteoarthritis Cartilage 13:39, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  24. MacNeil JA, Doschak MR, Zernicke RF, Boyd SK: Preservation of periarticular cancellous morphology and mechanical stiffness in post-traumatic experimental osteoarthritis by antiresorptive therapy, Clin Biomech 23:365, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  25. Carbone LD, Nevitt MC, Wildy K, et al: The relationship of antiresorptive drug use to structural findings and symptoms of knee osteoarthritis, Arthritis Rheum 50:3516, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  26. Delguste C, Amory H, Guyonnet J, et al: Comparative pharmacokinetics of two intravenous administration regimens of tiludronate in healthy adult horses and effects on the bone resorption marker CTX-1, J Vet Pharmacol Ther 31:108, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  27. Dore F, Filippi L, Biasotto M, et al: Bone scintigraphy and SPECT/CT of bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw, J Nucl Med 50:30, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  28. Foerner JJ, Barclay WP, Phillips TN, et al: Osteochondral fragments of the palmar/plantar aspect of the fetlock joint, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 33:739, 1987.
  29. Fortier LA, Foerner JJ, Nixon AJ: Arthroscopic removal of axial osteochondral fragments of the plantar/palmar proximal aspect of the proximal phalanx in horses: 119 cases (1988-1992), J Am Vet Med Assoc 206:71, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  30. Nixon AJ, Pool RR: Histologic appearance of axial osteochondral fragments from the proximoplantar/proximopalmar aspect of the proximal phalanx in horses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 207:1076, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  31. Grøndahl AM, Dolvik NI: Heritability estimations of osteochondrosis in the tibiotarsal joint and of bony fragments in the palmar/plantar portion of the metacarpo- and metatarsophalangeal joints of horses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 203:101, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  32. Nixon AJ: Osteochondrosis and osteochondritis dissecans of the equine fetlock, Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 12:1463, 1990.
  33. Nixon AJ: Fetlock plantar osteochondral fragmentation: clinical and histologic features, Proc Vet Orthop Soc 18:42, 1991.
  34. Ross MW: Osteochondral fragmentation of the proximopalmar/proximoplantar aspect of the proximal phalanx. In White NA, Moore JN, eds: Current techniques in equine surgery and lameness, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1998, Saunders.
  35. Grøndahl AM: Incidence and development of ununited proximoplantar tuberosity of the proximal phalanx in Standardbred trotters, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 33:18, 1992.
  36. Jørgensen HS, Proschowsky H, Falk-Rønne J, et al: The significance of routine radiographic findings with respect to subsequent racing performance and longevity in Standardbred trotters, Equine Vet J 29:55, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  37. Declercq J, Martens A, Maes D, et al: Dorsoproximal proximal phalanx osteochondral fragmentation in 117 Warmblood horses, Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 22:1, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  38. Kraus BM, Richardson DW, Nunamaker DM, Ross MW: Management of comminuted fractures of the proximal phalanx in horses: 64 cases (1983-2001), J Am Vet Med Assoc 224:254, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  39. Markel MD, Martin BB, Richardson DW: Dorsal frontal fractures of the first phalanx in the horse, Vet Surg 14:36, 1985.
  40. Schnabel LV, Bramlage LR, Mohammed HO, et al: Racing performance after arthroscopic removal of apical sesamoid fracture fragments in Thoroughbred horses age < 2 years: 151 cases (1989-2002), Equine Vet J 39:64, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  41. Schnabel LV, Bramlage LR, Mohammed HO, et al: Racing performance after arthroscopic removal of apical sesamoid fracture fragments in Thoroughbred horses age > or = 2 years: 84 cases (1989-2002), Equine Vet J 38:446, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
  42. Zekas LJ, Bramlage LR, Embertson RM, Hance SR: Characterisation of the type and location of fractures of the third metacarpal/metatarsal condyles in 135 horses in central Kentucky (1986-1994), Equine Vet J 31:304, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  43. Bassage LH, Richardson DW: Longitudinal fractures of the condyles of the third metacarpal and metatarsal bones in racehorses: 224 cases (1986-1995), J Am Vet Med Assoc 212:1757, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  44. Richardson DW: Medial condylar fractures of the third metatarsal bone in horses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 185:761, 1984. PUBMED Abstract
  45. Bramlage LR: The effect of training on the suspensory apparatus (Association for the Study of Internal Fixation course notes), Columbus, 2001, Ohio State College of Veterinary Medicine.
  46. Hardy J, Marcoux M, Breton L: Clinical relevance of radiographic findings in proximal sesamoid bones of two-year-old Standardbreds in their first year of race training, J Am Vet Med Assoc 198:2089, 1991. PUBMED Abstract
  47. Grøndahl AM, Gaustad G, Engeland A: Progression and association with lameness and racing performance of radiographic changes in the proximal sesamoid bones of young Standardbreds, Equine Vet J 26:152, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  48. Tenney WA, Whitcomb MB: Rupture of the collateral ligaments in metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints in horses: 17 cases (1999-2005), J Am Vet Med Assoc 233:456, 2008. PUBMED Abstract