Ch24. Tenoscopy and Bursoscopy

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  2. Nixon AJ: Endoscopy of the digital flexor tendon sheath in horses, Vet Surg 19:266, 1990. PUBMED Abstract
  3. Santschi MS, Adams SB, Fessler JF, et al: Treatment of bacterial tarsal tenosynovitis and osteitis of the sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus in five horses, Equine Vet J 29:244, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  4. Menon J: Endoscopic carpal tunnel release: preliminary report, Arthroscopy 10:31, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  5. Chow JCY: Endoscopic release of the carpal ligament: a new technique for carpal canal syndrome, Arthroscopy 5:19, 1989. PUBMED Abstract
  6. Chow JCY: The Chow technique for endoscopic release of the carpal ligament for carpal tunnel syndrome: four years of clinical results, Arthroscopy 9:301, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  7. Southwood LL, Stashak TS, Fehr JE, et al: Lateral approach for endoscopic removal of solitary osteochondromas from the distal radial metaphysis in three horses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 210:1166, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  8. Squire KRE, Adams SB, Widmer WR, et al: Arthroscopic removal of a palmar radial osteochondroma causing carpal canal syndrome in a horse, J Am Vet Med Assoc 201:1216, 1992. PUBMED Abstract
  9. Cauvin ERJ, Munroe GA, Boyd JS: Endoscopic examination of the carpal flexor tendon sheath in horses, Equine Vet J 29:459, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  10. Cauvin ERJ, Tapprest J, Munroe GA, et al: Endoscopic examination of the tarsal sheath of the lateral digital flexor tendon in horses, Equine Vet J 31:219, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  11. Booth TM: Lameness associated with the bicipital bursa in an Arab stallion, Vet Rec 145:194, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  12. Hago BED: An anatomical, clinical and experimental study of some synovial tendon sheaths and bursae in the horse, PhD thesis, London, 1984, Royal Veterinary College.
  13. Hay Kraus BL, Kirker-Head CA, Kraus K, et al: Vascular supply of the tendon of the equine deep digital flexor muscle within the digital sheath, Vet Surg 24:102, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  14. Leach D, Harland R, Burko B: The anatomy of the carpal tendon sheath of the horse, J Anat 133:301, 1981. PUBMED Abstract
  15. Redding WR: Ultrasonographic imaging of the structures of the digital flexor tendon sheath, Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 13:1824, 1991.
  16. Edinger J, Möbius G, Ferguson J: Comparison of tenoscopic and ultrasonographic methods of examination of the digital flexor tendon sheath in horses, Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 18:209, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  17. Smith MR, Wright IM: Noninfected tenosynovitis of the digital flexor tendon sheath: a retrospective analysis of 76 cases, Equine Vet J 38:134, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
  18. Wilderjans H, Boussauw B, Madder K, et al: Tenosynovitis of the digital flexor tendon sheath and annular ligament constriction syndrome caused by longitudinal tears in the deep digital flexor tendon: a clinical and surgical report of 17 cases in warmblood horses, Equine Vet J 35:270, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  19. Wright IM, McMahon PJ: Tenosynovitis associated with longitudinal tears in the digital flexor tendon in horses: a report of 20 cases, Equine Vet J 31:12, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  20. Bertone AL: Infectious tenosynovitis, Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 11:163, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  21. Nixon AJ, Sams AE, Ducharme NG: Endoscopically assisted annular ligament release in horses, Vet Surg 22:501, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  22. Barone R: Anatomie Comparee des Mammiferes domestiques, ed 3, vol 2, Paris, 1989, Editions Vigot.
  23. Nixon AJ: Endoscopic surgery of tendon sheaths (tenoscopy). Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons, San Francisco, 1993.
  24. Edwards GB: Changes in the sustentaculum tali associated with distension of the tarsal sheath (thoroughpin), Equine Vet J 10:97, 1978. PUBMED Abstract
  25. Mettenleiter E, Meier HP, Ueltschi G, et al: Typical presentation of the common tendon sheath of the M. flexor hallucis longus and the M. tibialis caudalis in the horse, Anat Histol Embryol 21:246, 1992. PUBMED Abstract
  26. Nixon AJ, Schachter BL, Pool RR: Exostoses of the caudal perimeter of the radial physis as a cause of carpal synovial sheath tenosynovitis and lameness in horses: 10 cases (1999-2003), J Am Vet Med Assoc 224:264, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  27. Richardson DW: Carpal canal syndrome. In Colahan PT, Mayhew IG, Merrit AM, et al, eds: Equine medicine and surgery, Goleta, Calif, 1992, American Veterinary Publications.
  28. Dyson SJ, Dik KJ: Miscellaneous conditions of tendons, tendon sheaths, and ligaments, Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 11:315, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  29. Brokken TD: Acute carpal canal injuries in the Thoroughbred, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 34:389, 1988.
  30. Cauvin ERJ, Munroe GA, Boswell J, et al: Gross and ultrasonographic anatomy of the carpal flexor tendon sheath in horses, Vet Rec 141:489, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  31. Radue P: Carpal tunnel syndrome due to fracture of the accessory carpal bone, Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 3:8, 1981.
  32. Southwood LL, Stashak TS, Kainer RA, et al: Desmotomy of the accessory ligament of the superficial digital flexor tendon in the horse with use of a tenoscopic approach to the carpal sheath, Vet Surg 28:99, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  33. Southwood LL, Stashak TS, Kainer RA: Tenoscopic anatomy of the equine carpal flexor synovial sheath, Vet Surg 27:150, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  34. Kretzschmar BH, Desjardins MR: Clinical evaluation of 49 tenoscopically assisted superior check ligament desmotomies in 27 horses, Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 47:484, 2001.
  35. Textor JA, Nixon AJ, Fortier LA: Tenoscopic release of the equine carpal canal, Vet Surg 32:278, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  36. Platt D, Wright IM: Chronic tenosynovitis of the carpal extensor tendon sheaths in 15 horses, Equine Vet J 29:11, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  37. Ingle-Fehr J, Baxter GM: Endoscopy of the calcaneal bursa in horses, Vet Surg 27:561, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  38. Cauvin E: Unpublished data, 2001.
  39. Riggs C, Rice Y, Patteson M, et al: Infection of the intertuberal (bicipital) bursa in seven horses. Proceedings of the Thirty-Fourth British Equine Veterinary Association Congress, Harrogate, 1995.
  40. Adams MN, Turner TA: Endoscopy of the intertubercular bursa in horses, J Am Vet Med Assoc 214:221, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  41. Wright IM, Phillips TJ, Walmsley JP: Endoscopy of the navicular bursa: a new technique for the treatment of contaminated and septic bursae, Equine Vet J 31:5, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  42. McIlwraith CW, Turner AS: Equine surgery advanced techniques, Philadelphia, 1987, Lea & Febiger.
  43. Richardson GL, O’Brien TR, Pascoe JR, et al: Puncture wounds of the navicular bursa in 38 horses: a retrospective study, Vet Surg 15:156, 1986.
  44. Smith MRW, Wright IM, Smith RKW: Endoscopic assessment and treatment of lesions of the deep digital flexor tendon in the navicular bursae of 20 lame horses, Equine Vet J 39:18, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  45. Rossignol F, Perrin R: Tenoscopy of the navicular bursa: endoscopic approach and anatomy, J Equine Vet Sci 23:258, 2003.
  46. Cruz AM, Pharr JW, Bailey JV, et al: Podotrochlear bursa endoscopy in the horse: a cadaver study, Vet Surg 30:539, 2001. PUBMED Abstract